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EDITORIAL

Checking the spread of terrorism

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For the past seven days, news about the attack by Islamist gunmen on the Wesbgate Shopping Mall in Nairobi, the Kenyan capital, during which 61 civilians and six members of the security forces died, with many still unaccounted for has dominated the world’s print and electronic media. Official statistics show that there were 240 casualties following the collapse of three floors of the mall while several bodies were trapped in the rubbles, including the terrorists. It would be recalled that militants on Saturday, September 21, 2013 stormed the Wesbgate Centre, spraying bullets and dropping grenades. There has been a flurry of condemnation from different parts of the world.

Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta has vowed to bring the perpetrators and their accomplices to pay for their evil act.  President Goodluck Jonathan in his address at the 68th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, Tuesday, decried the danger posed to the global community by terrorism.  According to Jonathan who cited the menace of Boko Haram and the terrorists attack in Nairobi, terrorism constitutes a major threat to global peace and security and undermines the capacity for sustained development.  He therefore called on the international community to stand together in the war against the scourge.  Somali Islamist group al-Shabab has said it had carried out the attack in retaliation for Kenyan army operations in Somalia. According to their spokesman, the Mujahidee succeeded in escorting out all Muslims inside the Mall before unleashing the attack.

Boko Haram brought what we thought was far away in Asia and Europe very close to us. The need for world leaders to cooperate in the war against terrorism cannot be over-emphasized. Before now, all that we knew about terrorism centred around Osama Bin Ladin’s Al-Qaeda, Islamic Salvation Front Fighting Soviets in Afghanistan and other terrorist groups associated closely with Islamic fundamentalists, including  Egypt’s A-Jihad, Lebanon’s Hezbollah, Somalia’s al-Shabab, Sudan’s National Islamist Front and terrorist groups in Yemen, and Al-Qaeda in the Arabian peninsula.

The incident of 9/11 in the United States, a catastrophe of unprecedented dimension has awakened the consciousness of mankind to the reality that anybody, irrespective of location, race, creed or gender can be attacked.

In Nigeria for instance, hardly any day passes without such news as “20 die in fresh Boko Haram attack in Borno”, “12 suspected Boko Haram killed in Abuja”, “18 shot dead, 30 houses torched as gunmen storm village in Damaturu”.

Boko Haram was founded by Mohammed Yusuf in 2001 in Borno State as an Islamist fundamentalist sect opposed to “Westernization”.  It sought to establish sharia laws throughout the country.  From that time till date, it has claimed responsibility for over 4,000 deaths of mostly innocent people.  It attacks Christians and bombs churches and schools.  From its early beginnings when it relied on donations from members, the sect which is now linked to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, receives funds from Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, Al-muntada Trust Fund and Islamic World Society.

The economic cost of terrorism is best imagined than described. Investors confidence plummeted and there was reduction in Foreign Direct Investment.  Recall for instance the indelible dent on Nigeria’s security situation by the killing of 23 people and injuring of 78 others by the bombing of the United Nations Office in Abuja in 2011.  Terrorist attacks result in excruciating lack of jobs as investors lose 10 percent of their revenue to hostile investment climate.  There is loss of man-hour of production to bureaucracy and security checks at both airports and offices across the country and cost of risk management increases. The diversion of scarce capital for procurement of hi-tech equipment to combating of terrorism leads to economic, political and regional instability.  In situations of terrorist attacks, many investors and companies completely withdraw their foreign expatriates from the area as was the case in the Niger Delta before the Federal Government Amnesty Programme was introduced.  We blame poverty, lack of education and high rate of unemployment which disposes disgruntled elements to terrorism

To check terrorist activities, the Federal Government needs to address these issues squarely through transparency and accountability. We abhor the endless setting up of probe panels without obvious results. Those who flout our laws should face the full wrath of the law to serve as deterrent to others.  The security forces should be given the necessary training to enable them cope better with intelligence gathering. Every Nigerian irrespective of his or her place in society must show concern for the security of the nation. Government can ensure this through intensified campaigns. Such measures will help us check terrorist activities.

EDITORIAL

Increasing Fuel and Electricity Prices

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Increasing Fuel and Electricity Prices

Once again, Nigerians are digging deeper into their pockets to buy fuel. They are paying N162 per litre from N142 last month. While the five per cent or so Nigerians with deep pockets will not be bothered by the increase, the majority with shallow pockets will have to empty them to buy petrol to run their businesses or shut them down, fuel their vehicles, light their homes and pump water, among other things. Electricity bill has also gone up although the average Nigerian is still in darkness most of the time.

The Federal Government explained that the removal of fuel subsidy, froth with duplicity and corruption, was responsible for the increase. For electricity, it said only consumers who get 12 hours or more of electricity per day should pay the new rate. Electricity Distributing Companies (DISCOS) may not agree.

Vice President Osinbajo has advised Nigerians to bear the pain and not go back to the fuel subsidy regime. He said the Federal Government is aware of the suffering and working out ways to alleviate poverty. This sounds familiar. Poverty alleviation doesn’t mean much in Nigeria anymore.

Petrol is at the heart of Nigeria’s economy. It drives everything. Whenever there is an upward review, the cost of living skyrockets. For the poor masses, the present situation spells doom. Fuel subsidy was introduced to alleviate poverty but instead it became a curse, benefiting only a few.

The Buhari Government announced early in the year that it will stop the subsidy payment. It said the downstream sector of the oil industry will be fully deregulated so that prices of petroleum products will fully be determined by market forces.

We have nothing against deregulation or removal of the ‘dubious subsidy’. The question is why now? Another is, if not now when, as things seem to go from bad to worse?
By failing to flush out the criminals benefiting unduly from the fuel subsidy, the Federal Government has proven that some people are, indeed, untouchable.

What will the Federal Government do now to cushion the effect of the hike on the poor, that it has not done before and it didn’t work? Poverty alleviation without improvement in quality of life means nothing. If for example, a commercial vehicle driver buys fuel at N162 per litre but drives on good roads and has access to portable water, he would charge commuters less. It has a ripple effect and vice versa.

When the Federal Government compares the price of petrol in Nigeria with those in neighboring countries, one wonders what indices it uses? Does it consider the minimum wage and the fact that Nigeria is the seventh world oil producer?

Nigeria produces crude oil but imports petrol. If the refineries are broken down, why can’t they be repaired? It is unfortunate that from time to time billions of Naira is gulped by so-called Turn-Around Maintenance of our refineries without anything to show for it in the end.

President Buhari promised to support the creation of modular refineries. Yet those in the riverine areas are being shut down and labeled illegal. What a contradiction! Why can’t the technology used in those refineries be harnessed?

Nigeria prefers to import what it can produce locally. By that, what Government is telling people is endure poverty. Don’t try to get out of it.

Removing subsidy in the midst of poverty is bad. But policy inconsistency and double standards will do Nigeria no good.

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EDITORIAL

Security operatives, IPOB and Emene massacre

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Security operatives, IPOB and Emene massacre

The high-handedness of security operatives towards members of the Indigenous People of Biafra, IPOB, is truly a concern. The ruthlessness with which they deal with the unarmed youths whenever there is a clash, is worrying and unacceptable.

What happened at Emene Enugu State, last Sunday, is not an isolated case. It stirs up memories of “Operation Python Dance” Egwu Eke, and others which saw the cold-blooded murder of many Igbo youths. When Ndigbo are trying to put one incident behind them, another occurs as a reminder, making it hard to forget.

Ironically, what police insensitivity, hatred, and the proscription of IPOB, have done is win sympathy for the unarmed youths, agitating for a cause. Police brutality on IPOB increases the nostalgia for Biafra, even among those who through fear or faith oppose it. It also gives credence to those comparing Nigeria with George Orwell’s “Animal Farm,” a euphemism for discrimination and corruption. This is glaring when one compares how police treat unarmed IPOB members, and the real terrorists such as armed Fulani herdsmen, the so-called bandits, Boko Haram and other hoodlums operating across the country.

Although there are conflicting reports about what took place at Emene. what is most regrettable is that lives were lost. It is also clear that the conflict started when security operatives stormed the venue of an IPOB meeting. There is no report that the youths were carrying weapons or marching somewhere to attack the police or anybody else. What happened to the tear-gas which police use to disperse unarmed group? Perhaps, life has become so cheap in Nigeria that police do not care who dies anymore.

But the killings have been widely condemned by Nigerians at home and abroad. Here in the South-East, Ohanaeze, MASSOB, Nzuko Umunna, town unions and others have called for a judicial inquiry into the incident.

The panel is expected to unravel the truth about what happened, as there are suspicions of a sinister motive. South-East governors should speak out also before things get out of hand.
Clearly, Nigeria is engulfed in countless security challenges. People are wondering why the same security agencies who have guts to murder unarmed Igbo youth have displayed helplessness in containing more vociferous security challenges, elsewhere?
Nigerians have enough experience to know that if one ethnic group keeps quiet while another unjustly suffers, soon the others will also be at the receiving end because, as they say, what goes round, comes around.

Furthermore, it beats one’s imagination that the IPOB should be labeled ‘terrorist’ while the real terrorists continue to massacre and kill and maim across the country.

We agree with many Nigerians that unarmed IPOB youths, who have not shown the cruelty and callousness of Boko Haram, Fulani herdsmen and even bandits in South Kaduna do not deserve, proscription, constant harassment and killings.

We condemn violent agitations in all forms. But when armed law enforcement agents descend on unarmed youths at their peaceful meeting, we wonder who sent them and what the motive is.

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ARTICLES

Imo as Unemployment Capital

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Imo as Unemployment Capital

Former Governor Rochas Okorocha understood clearly that Imo State needed jobs and factories. The question is what did he do about it?

Imolites are familiar with the mantra “Job, Job, Job, factory, factory, factory,” which he orchestrated in his second term. That was his way of telling Imolites what was lacking in the state. He gave the impression that his government was about to tackle unemployment, by rehabilitating moribund factories and, building new ones. Many people believed him.

Now, the National Bureau of Statistics NBS has come out with the figures stating that 23 million Nigerians are unemployed and that Imo has the lion’s share of 48.7 per cent. One wonders if the NBS report would have been released had Governor Okorocha still been in charge. The NBS report showing Imo State as Nigeria’s new unemployment capital can only be annoying to Imolites when viewed in the prism of Okorocha’s factory, factory factory, jobs, jobs, jobs.

Imolites cannot even point to one “hot” industry or employment generating project created during Okorocha’s eight years. But that is typical of our politicians. Yet, one can still ask where the factories and jobs promised by Okorocha are? Knowing Governor Okorocha, he would not deny that he promised “factories” but the problem will be telling people where they are located.

If Governor Okorocha was honest with his “factory, factory and job, job” utterance, he would have done something to stir up activities in the so-called Owerri Industrial Layout along Onitsha road Irete, which is almost a forgotten area. The industrial hub is now more of a hide out for miscreants, with all its roads in deplorable condition.

Several of the factories are overtaken by grass, as they have either been shut down in frustration or relocated. Individuals and private businesses use some of the large expanse of land to dump solid waste, including faeces.

We are not holding former Governor Rochas Okorocha solely responsible for this abysmal neglect of the Industrial Layout. Apart from the first civilian Governor of the state, Chief Sam Mbakwe, who saw wisdom in setting up several industries across the old Imo State, that extended to present day Abia and Ebonyi States, none of his successors either military or civilian did anything in that direction. The successive administrations paid mere lip service, to job creation.

It is also important to point out that previous governors remembered their promises to create jobs just when they were about to leave office.

It was only then that they created dubious and questionable jobs that run into thousands but which are practically impossible for their successors to fund.

Charity must begin at home. Any Government desiring to create jobs and kick-start manufacturing in Imo State must uplift the Industrial layout and not neglect it. No entrepreneur, investor, local or expatriates, would set up business in a place with virtually no roads, to begin with.

We only hope and pray that the present Government would be grieved by the unflattering NBS report, which ridicules Imo State and decide to take some positive steps towards developing the Industrial Layout.

We know Government cannot employ everyone. But we know also that it can create the enabling environment where virtually every eligible person can get employed.

If Governor Hope Uzodinma is touched by the ugly NBS report, he can do something about it. He can put politics and his personal interest aside and rehabilitate old factories as well as revive the Industrial Layout. Anything short of this will be another exercise in deception.

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