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Improving Nigerian Prisons



Decongesting Our Prisons

prisonTwo weeks ago, the British Prisons Minister, Jeremy Wright announced plans to deport more than half of the 534 Nigerian nationals currently in United Kingdom’s jails, under a new Prisoner Transfer Agreement, which is currently being discussed.


According to him, a major stumbling block to the deportation of foreign nationals in the past has been the condition of prisons in their own countries.  For this reason, the British Government has promised £1m (one million pounds) to Nigeria to improve its jails.


We commend the British Government for such a wonderful idea but do not however see any justification for Nigeria to accept such a financial assistance, considering our enormous human and material resources.  The big question is, Why can’t we reform our prisons by ourselves?


Nigeria’s problem in the prisons sub-sector is rooted in the same hydra-headed monster; corruption, which does not allow anything to work properly.


It is not as if the resources are not there or as if adequate allocations are not captured in the annual budgets for the improvement of Nigerian prisons, but just that the funds released are diverted, mis-appropriated or embezzled by those entrusted with them.  This accounts for the poor infrastructural condition of our prisons and why inmates live under sub-human atmospheres.  Take for instance the Federal Prisons Owerri in Imo State where about 2000 inmates are now congested into cells built for 500 prisoners.  Also recently, the St. Lazarus Catholic Chaplaincy Owerri, located in front of the prison, came to the rescue of that establishment by donating the sum of N230,000 to the prison authorities to help repair their grounded human waste truck to save the health of worshippers from the stench exuding from the un-evacuated human wastes in the area.  Was there no government budgetary allocation for such services?  If the alleged monumental mind-boggling corruption story revealed last week by a freed inmate of Enugu Maximum Prison is anything to go by, Nigeria has a long way to go in order to sanitize and modernize her prison yards.  According to news reports, it’s a matter of cash and carry there, as it costs between N100,000 to N200,000 to secure a cell space rental, depending on the quality of the cell.  Our investigations also reveal that an inmate pays N2,000 to be conveyed to the court each time his matter comes up while spending N100 to N150 to be supplied a bucket of water, etc.


The Deputy Comptroller Enugu Prisons, Mr. Mustapha has since denied the allegations, describing them as the handiwork of those bent on rubbishing his efforts.  But the reports from Enugu are not too different from what is heard about other prison yards across the country.


It is regrettable that those responsible for the infrastructural decay of Nigerian prisons and unhealthy living conditions of inmates seem to forget that every “Awaiting Trial” person remains a mere suspect until convicted and so deserves some dignity.  Even the convicts are human beings who possess Fundamental Human Rights which should not be denied them for any reason.  That is why the laws say that accused person is presumed innocent until proved otherwise.


Therefore, Prison authorities are wrong to regard the period of incarceration as only a time of punishment.   Prison should be essentially reformatory so that when freed, the ex-convict would be re-integrated into the larger society as a human person with dignity.  A situation where first offenders are so maltreated that they turn into hardened criminals is not good for our society, and this arises from the inhuman conditions which characterize Nigerian prisons.


This state of affairs calls for frequent visits by heads of governments, the Chief Justice of the Federation and State Chief Judges to ascertain those who have no business remaining in prison. This will enable government to appreciate the terribly dilapidated state of prison infrastructure, the over-stretched facilities and inmates deserving to benefit from jail delivery sessions.  This will also ensure that those inmates that have nobody or lack the resources to connect them to those that matter, do not get lost.  Stakeholders in the prison sub-sector such as SERVICOM should take the extra step to encourage inmates or their relations to seek redress or ventilate their feelings whenever services meant for them are being denied them.  Above all, our National Planners must make a serious case for those innovations found in prisons in advanced countries to be introduced into Nigerian prisons.  In this way, prison services in Nigeria would keep pace with international standards.  Britain and the European Community would have no reason to offer financial assistance to improve Nigerian prisons if the government and those concerned do the right things.  Else, those who entrench corruption in Nigeria are the real persons to experience prison condition because they are the real prisoners in the strict sense.



Increasing Fuel and Electricity Prices



Increasing Fuel and Electricity Prices

Once again, Nigerians are digging deeper into their pockets to buy fuel. They are paying N162 per litre from N142 last month. While the five per cent or so Nigerians with deep pockets will not be bothered by the increase, the majority with shallow pockets will have to empty them to buy petrol to run their businesses or shut them down, fuel their vehicles, light their homes and pump water, among other things. Electricity bill has also gone up although the average Nigerian is still in darkness most of the time.

The Federal Government explained that the removal of fuel subsidy, froth with duplicity and corruption, was responsible for the increase. For electricity, it said only consumers who get 12 hours or more of electricity per day should pay the new rate. Electricity Distributing Companies (DISCOS) may not agree.

Vice President Osinbajo has advised Nigerians to bear the pain and not go back to the fuel subsidy regime. He said the Federal Government is aware of the suffering and working out ways to alleviate poverty. This sounds familiar. Poverty alleviation doesn’t mean much in Nigeria anymore.

Petrol is at the heart of Nigeria’s economy. It drives everything. Whenever there is an upward review, the cost of living skyrockets. For the poor masses, the present situation spells doom. Fuel subsidy was introduced to alleviate poverty but instead it became a curse, benefiting only a few.

The Buhari Government announced early in the year that it will stop the subsidy payment. It said the downstream sector of the oil industry will be fully deregulated so that prices of petroleum products will fully be determined by market forces.

We have nothing against deregulation or removal of the ‘dubious subsidy’. The question is why now? Another is, if not now when, as things seem to go from bad to worse?
By failing to flush out the criminals benefiting unduly from the fuel subsidy, the Federal Government has proven that some people are, indeed, untouchable.

What will the Federal Government do now to cushion the effect of the hike on the poor, that it has not done before and it didn’t work? Poverty alleviation without improvement in quality of life means nothing. If for example, a commercial vehicle driver buys fuel at N162 per litre but drives on good roads and has access to portable water, he would charge commuters less. It has a ripple effect and vice versa.

When the Federal Government compares the price of petrol in Nigeria with those in neighboring countries, one wonders what indices it uses? Does it consider the minimum wage and the fact that Nigeria is the seventh world oil producer?

Nigeria produces crude oil but imports petrol. If the refineries are broken down, why can’t they be repaired? It is unfortunate that from time to time billions of Naira is gulped by so-called Turn-Around Maintenance of our refineries without anything to show for it in the end.

President Buhari promised to support the creation of modular refineries. Yet those in the riverine areas are being shut down and labeled illegal. What a contradiction! Why can’t the technology used in those refineries be harnessed?

Nigeria prefers to import what it can produce locally. By that, what Government is telling people is endure poverty. Don’t try to get out of it.

Removing subsidy in the midst of poverty is bad. But policy inconsistency and double standards will do Nigeria no good.

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Security operatives, IPOB and Emene massacre



Security operatives, IPOB and Emene massacre

The high-handedness of security operatives towards members of the Indigenous People of Biafra, IPOB, is truly a concern. The ruthlessness with which they deal with the unarmed youths whenever there is a clash, is worrying and unacceptable.

What happened at Emene Enugu State, last Sunday, is not an isolated case. It stirs up memories of “Operation Python Dance” Egwu Eke, and others which saw the cold-blooded murder of many Igbo youths. When Ndigbo are trying to put one incident behind them, another occurs as a reminder, making it hard to forget.

Ironically, what police insensitivity, hatred, and the proscription of IPOB, have done is win sympathy for the unarmed youths, agitating for a cause. Police brutality on IPOB increases the nostalgia for Biafra, even among those who through fear or faith oppose it. It also gives credence to those comparing Nigeria with George Orwell’s “Animal Farm,” a euphemism for discrimination and corruption. This is glaring when one compares how police treat unarmed IPOB members, and the real terrorists such as armed Fulani herdsmen, the so-called bandits, Boko Haram and other hoodlums operating across the country.

Although there are conflicting reports about what took place at Emene. what is most regrettable is that lives were lost. It is also clear that the conflict started when security operatives stormed the venue of an IPOB meeting. There is no report that the youths were carrying weapons or marching somewhere to attack the police or anybody else. What happened to the tear-gas which police use to disperse unarmed group? Perhaps, life has become so cheap in Nigeria that police do not care who dies anymore.

But the killings have been widely condemned by Nigerians at home and abroad. Here in the South-East, Ohanaeze, MASSOB, Nzuko Umunna, town unions and others have called for a judicial inquiry into the incident.

The panel is expected to unravel the truth about what happened, as there are suspicions of a sinister motive. South-East governors should speak out also before things get out of hand.
Clearly, Nigeria is engulfed in countless security challenges. People are wondering why the same security agencies who have guts to murder unarmed Igbo youth have displayed helplessness in containing more vociferous security challenges, elsewhere?
Nigerians have enough experience to know that if one ethnic group keeps quiet while another unjustly suffers, soon the others will also be at the receiving end because, as they say, what goes round, comes around.

Furthermore, it beats one’s imagination that the IPOB should be labeled ‘terrorist’ while the real terrorists continue to massacre and kill and maim across the country.

We agree with many Nigerians that unarmed IPOB youths, who have not shown the cruelty and callousness of Boko Haram, Fulani herdsmen and even bandits in South Kaduna do not deserve, proscription, constant harassment and killings.

We condemn violent agitations in all forms. But when armed law enforcement agents descend on unarmed youths at their peaceful meeting, we wonder who sent them and what the motive is.

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Imo as Unemployment Capital



Imo as Unemployment Capital

Former Governor Rochas Okorocha understood clearly that Imo State needed jobs and factories. The question is what did he do about it?

Imolites are familiar with the mantra “Job, Job, Job, factory, factory, factory,” which he orchestrated in his second term. That was his way of telling Imolites what was lacking in the state. He gave the impression that his government was about to tackle unemployment, by rehabilitating moribund factories and, building new ones. Many people believed him.

Now, the National Bureau of Statistics NBS has come out with the figures stating that 23 million Nigerians are unemployed and that Imo has the lion’s share of 48.7 per cent. One wonders if the NBS report would have been released had Governor Okorocha still been in charge. The NBS report showing Imo State as Nigeria’s new unemployment capital can only be annoying to Imolites when viewed in the prism of Okorocha’s factory, factory factory, jobs, jobs, jobs.

Imolites cannot even point to one “hot” industry or employment generating project created during Okorocha’s eight years. But that is typical of our politicians. Yet, one can still ask where the factories and jobs promised by Okorocha are? Knowing Governor Okorocha, he would not deny that he promised “factories” but the problem will be telling people where they are located.

If Governor Okorocha was honest with his “factory, factory and job, job” utterance, he would have done something to stir up activities in the so-called Owerri Industrial Layout along Onitsha road Irete, which is almost a forgotten area. The industrial hub is now more of a hide out for miscreants, with all its roads in deplorable condition.

Several of the factories are overtaken by grass, as they have either been shut down in frustration or relocated. Individuals and private businesses use some of the large expanse of land to dump solid waste, including faeces.

We are not holding former Governor Rochas Okorocha solely responsible for this abysmal neglect of the Industrial Layout. Apart from the first civilian Governor of the state, Chief Sam Mbakwe, who saw wisdom in setting up several industries across the old Imo State, that extended to present day Abia and Ebonyi States, none of his successors either military or civilian did anything in that direction. The successive administrations paid mere lip service, to job creation.

It is also important to point out that previous governors remembered their promises to create jobs just when they were about to leave office.

It was only then that they created dubious and questionable jobs that run into thousands but which are practically impossible for their successors to fund.

Charity must begin at home. Any Government desiring to create jobs and kick-start manufacturing in Imo State must uplift the Industrial layout and not neglect it. No entrepreneur, investor, local or expatriates, would set up business in a place with virtually no roads, to begin with.

We only hope and pray that the present Government would be grieved by the unflattering NBS report, which ridicules Imo State and decide to take some positive steps towards developing the Industrial Layout.

We know Government cannot employ everyone. But we know also that it can create the enabling environment where virtually every eligible person can get employed.

If Governor Hope Uzodinma is touched by the ugly NBS report, he can do something about it. He can put politics and his personal interest aside and rehabilitate old factories as well as revive the Industrial Layout. Anything short of this will be another exercise in deception.

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