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Slavery played a ‘central role’ in the Civil War, Texas students will be taught 153 years later – National

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“In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free — honourable alike in what we give and what we preserve.”

Thus spoke U.S. president Abraham Lincoln in his 1862 State of the Union address, one year into the American Civil War.

WATCH: Re-enactment marks final battle of the American Civil War






It was a war widely recognized for having been fought over the issue of slavery.

But for years, students in Texas have been taught something different — that slavery was one of a number of factors that contributed to the war, behind sectionalism and states’ rights.

That’s changing in the state after the Texas Board of Education voted on Friday to update its social studies curriculum so that it recognizes that slavery played a “central role” in the Civil War, NPR reported.

READ MORE: Donald Trump calls Confederate leader Robert E. Lee a ‘great general’

The change came after Democratic members of the board said that the curriculum should list slavery as the sole cause of the Civil War in September.

This week, however, Republicans and Democrats came to a compromise, agreeing that students be taught about “the central role of the expansion of slavery in causing sectionalism, disagreements over states’ rights and the Civil War.”

“I don’t think we have that as a consensus in our state,” said Democrat board member Lawrence Allen Jr., talking about the belief in slavery’s role as a central cause of the war.

“And so if we can’t drive it to a consensus in our state, we need to let our students look at it from all points of view.”

The change came as part of efforts to streamline the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS), which govern curriculum standards and set lesson plans for 5.4-million students in the state, according to the Dallas Morning News.

Earlier, the board had voted against a motion to take “states’ rights” out of the curriculum as a cause of the Civil War, reporter Lauren McGaughy tweeted on Tuesday.

Republican David Bradley had said at the time, “Each state had differences and made individual decisions as to whether or not to join into the conflict, correct? I mean, that’s the definition of states’ rights.”

Slavery and its role in causing the U.S. Civil War wasn’t the only matter up for debate, however.

Also discussed was whether to keep Helen Keller and Hillary Clinton as a part of the social studies curriculum.

WATCH: Trump praises Confederate leader Robert E. Lee as a ‘great general’






The board initially voted to strike Keller, Clinton and other figures from history from the curriculum, but later voted to keep them.

Clinton is recognized in the curriculum as one of a number of “significant political and social leaders” of modern times, but teachers don’t necessarily have to instruct their students about her.

Republican board member Marty Rowley said he doesn’t agree with Clinton’s ideas but he voted to keep her in the curriculum, saying, “I have to give credit where credit is due, she is a significant political leader.”

READ MORE: Trump’s chief of staff says ‘lack of compromise’ led to Civil War, sparks Twitter backlash

Last year, in a Washington Post op-ed, Georgetown University Prof. John Sides wrote about how John Kelly, U.S. President Donald Trump’s chief of staff, came under fire after he said that the “lack of an ability to compromise led to the Civil War.”

Sides noted that Kelly shares those views with a “substantial fraction of the broader public.”

He noted polls from 2011 that showed more Americans citing states’ rights as a cause of the Civil War than slavery.

“To many Americans, [Kelly’s] view will seem entirely conventional,” Sides wrote.

© 2018 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.



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Catholic Bishops react to military coup in Mali

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Catholic Bishops react to military coup in Mali

Contrary to the expectations of the people, the leadership of the Episcopal Conference of Mali (CEM) has termed the Tuesday, August 18 military coup in the West African nation as “regrettable” and “a big failure for our democracy” and called for a change of mentality if the country has to put an end to coups.

In an interview with ACI Africa Wednesday, August 19, made available to RECOWACERAO NEWS AGENCY, RECONA, the President of CEM, Bishop Jonas Dembélé said that the governance challenges the country is facing can be managed through dialogue.

“The military coup that led to the ousting of President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta is regrettable because we are in a state of law and democracy. This is the second time that Mali has had a military coup as a result of the way in which the country is governed. It is a big failure for our democracy even if there were reasons for it,” Bishop Dembélé told ACI Africa.

“It is true that our country has serious challenges including bad governance, the poor management of the economy, corruption, insecurity and so on,” Bishop Dembélé said and probed, “Why is it that we Malians have not managed to engage in dialogue to be able to discuss these problems and face up to these challenges responsibly?”

“Our leaders, our people lack transparency, they hate those who speak the truth and advocate for good governance. This mentality must change for our country to move on,” the Prelate told ACI Africa August 19.

Bishop Dembélé who is a frontline member of RECOWA-CERAO urged the military officials “to ensure a return to democracy as promised but most especially ensuring the new leadership of the country put the people first and tackle the security challenges facing the nation.”

Asked about the role of the Church in the current crisis, the 57-year-old Prelate noted, “For us the Catholic Church in Mali, our role is to preach peace; our role is to preach dialogue. We shall continue in this path of dialogue for peace just like Cardinal Jean Zerbo and some religious leaders initiated.”

“In a state of law, power is not in the hands of certain individuals but to the people. The anger of our people led to this crisis, but we must work for peace and reconciliation in Mali,” Bishop Dembélé said.

He continued in recollections, “The Bishops in Mali have always issued messages before every election in our country sounding the alert and inviting the government to organize transparent elections, ensure good governance and better management of resources.”
“But it seems our messages are never taken into consideration that is why we find ourselves in this situation today,” the Local Ordinary of Kayes Diocese told ACI Africa and added, “If the opinion of the Episcopal Conference of Mali is needed to mediate in bringing back stability and peace in the country, then we are ready.”

As a way forward, the Bishop urged the people of God in Mali to “seek the path to conversion” and to accept dialogue in the spirit of truth and honesty.
“We all want change in our

country, but this change can only be possible if individually we seek the path to conversion. It is for Malians be they Muslims or Christians or members of traditional religion, to do an examination of conscience and accept personal and community conversion in order to engage in sincere dialogue,” he said.

The Malian Prelate added, “Now there is this coup d’état to demand change we really wonder where change should come from. As long as we don’t change our behavior, our mentality, we will always have a repeat of the current situation.”

On Tuesday, August 18, President Keita announced his resignation and dissolved parliament hours after mutinying soldiers detained him at gunpoint, Aljazeera reported.
“For seven years, I have with great joy and happiness tried to put this country on its feet. If today some people from the armed forces have decided to end it by their intervention, do I have a choice? I should submit to it because I do not want any blood to be shed,” President Keita said August 18 during the televised address to the nation.

Rev. Fr. George Nwachukwu
RECOWACERAO NEWS AGENCY, RECONA

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Harris accepts VP nomination

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Harris accepts VP nomination

Senator Kamala Harris formally accepted the Democratic nomination for vice president on Wednesday following a scathing speech by former President Barack Obama, who said the fate of the nation” depends entirely on the outcome of this election.”

Both Mr. Obama and Harris stressed the importance of voting, with Harris saying “we’re all in this fight together.” Harris sounded an optimistic note by highlighting her personal history and the promise of America, saying she was “so inspired by a new generation.”

“Make no mistake, the road ahead will not be not easy,” she said. “We will stumble. We may fall short. But I pledge to you that we will act boldly and deal with our challenges honestly. We will speak truths. And we will act with the same faith in you that we ask you to place in us.” She called Mr. Trump a “predator” in a speech that came after Mr. Obama issued his most forceful rebuke of his successor to date, saying Mr. Trump “hasn’t grown into the job because he can’t.”

“This president and those in power — those who benefit from keeping things the way they are — they are counting on your cynicism,” Mr. Obama said. “They know they can’t win you over with their policies. So they’re hoping to make it as hard as possible for you to vote, and to convince you that your vote doesn’t matter.

That’s how they win. That’s how they get to keep making decisions that affect your life, and the lives of the people you love. That’s how the economy will keep getting skewed to the wealthy and well-connected, how our health systems will let more people fall through the cracks. That’s how a democracy withers, until it’s no democracy at all.”

Mr. Obama and Hillary Clinton, speaking earlier in the night, both said they had hoped Mr. Trump would rise to the occasion. But they both stressed what they called his failures while in office, with Mr. Obama saying Mr. Trump has shown “no interest in treating the presidency as anything but one more reality show that he can use to get the attention he craves.”

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Mali coup leaders vow to hold elections as history repeats itself

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Mali coup leaders vow to hold elections as history repeats itself

The Malian soldiers who forced President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita to resign in a coup promised early Wednesday to organize new elections after their takeover was swiftly condemned by the international community.

In a statement carried overnight on state broadcaster ORTM, the mutinous soldiers who staged Tuesday’s military coup identified themselves as the National Committee for the Salvation of the People led by Colonel Major Ismael Wagué.

“With you, standing as one, we can restore this country to its former greatness,” Wagué said, announcing that borders were closed and that a curfew was going into effect from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m

The news of Keita’s departure was met with jubilation by anti-government demonstrators in the capital, Bamako, and alarm by former colonial ruler France and other allies and foreign nations.

The U.N. Security Council scheduled a closed meeting Wednesday August 19, 2020 afternoon to discuss the unfolding situation in Mali, where the U.N. has a 15,600-strong peacekeeping mission. Keita, who was democratically elected in a 2013 landslide and re-elected five years later, still had three years left in his term.

But his popularity had plummeted, and demonstrators began taking to the streets calling for his ouster in June.

West African regional bloc ECOWAS had sent mediators to try and negotiate a unity government but those talks fell apart when it became clear that the protesters would not accept less than Keita’s resignation.

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