Connect with us


The Christian Faith and Mission in Africa: Prospects and Challenges (3)



Amost embarrassing dimension of this ugly development in our country is the gradual incursion into the Catholic Church of the contemporary Nigerian pop Christianity – a noisy, shallow, hollow and opaque enterprise characterized by all-pervading fear of demons and evil spirit on the one hand, and on the other hand by a multiplicity of preaching crusades, prayer vigils, and healing and deliverance services, whereby government offices, corporate boardrooms and motor parks as well ass long distant passenger buses have been turned into places of worship.  Such multiplication of prayers and rituals however have no bearing with, nor impact on the ethical and moral conduct of the worshippers, as everyone can witness with the growing level of corruption and violence, even amidst this upsurge in outward display of religiosity.    (2nd phase)

My dear friends, we are witnessing in our country today what we may call a gradual de-spiritualisation as well as fetishisation of Christianity.  The religion that appears dominant in the consciousness of the generality of Nigerians today is what they seem to have received from the numerous half-baked preachers, and cash and carry evangelists whose messages dominate our airwaves and websites, and billboards and signposts, and not the authentic religion of Christ preached by St. Peter and St. Paul, not the one propagated by St. Augustine of Hippo and St. Thomas Aquinas, not the one witnessed to by St. Francis of Assisi and St. Ignatius of Loyola, and certainly not the same religion professed by Saint John Paul II, Blessed Mother Theresa of Calcutta, Blessed Cyprian Iwene Tansi or Bishop Charles Heerey whose glorious memory we are today honouring.

There is no doubt in my mind and in the minds of many enlightened Catholics about the true identity of the Christian faith proclaimed by the Apostles, nurtured by courageous martyrs, kept aflame by austere monks and witnessed to by self-sacrificing believers through the course of the last two thousand years – a religion characterized by purity of heart, mellowness of spirit, and calmness of soul; one whose fruits include frugality of life, sacrificial love, forgiveness, compassion, peacefulness and self-control.  Instead, what is spreading like wild fire in our country today is in my critical assessment actually a new religion that is only marginally related to the Christianity handed over to us by the Apostles.

To illustrate the point, what is relationship between the faith handed over to us by the Apostles and the celebration of vengeance and vindictiveness which we find among Nigerian Christians today, especially as championed by the Mountain of Fire and Miracle Ministries?  What is the relationship between the faith witnessed to by St. Francis of Assisi with a life of poverty and frugality, and the prosperity gospel and such flamboyant display of vanity and vain glory as we find among Pentecostal pastors and preachers in our day?  What is the relationship between the exorcism carried out by Christ and traditional Catholic exorcists and the widespread manipulation and abuse that go on today in the name of deliverance from demonic forces, whether real or imagined?

Yet, these days many Catholic Priests, Religious and lay faithful have fallen for these heretical and unorthodox beliefs and practices.  Many agents of the Catholic Church have today resorted to the cheap gimmicks and unorthodox rituals invented by the untutored Pentecostal prophets and pastors as they have been discovered to be very attractive and appealing to our poorly educated Catholics.  I will say that this unwholesome development in our Church is fast gaining momentum, first on account of critical failures and gaps in content and methodology in the formation of our agents of evangelization, and second, on account of what appears to be a close affinity between traditional African superstitious beliefs and practices and many elements of the new pop religion.

But the pop Christianity which the majority of Nigerian Church-goers seem to have embraced today, is a religion without sacrifice, a religion that has no place for the cross – which is otherwise the central doctrine of the Christian faith, a religion of instant gratification, a religion that elevates carnal desires and glorifies vanity and vainglory.  The pop Christianity we refer to is a religion in which priests and pastors, prophets and evangelists shamelessly display wealth and ostentation as evidence of their closeness to the God of abundance, even as we live in a country where the overwhelming majority of people are stuck in degrading and dehumanizing poverty.

Somebody has tried to identify or define the fundamental theological error behind this new religion that is sweeping through our gullible population.  John Piper says it is an over-realized and an all-too materialistic eschatology, whereby no distinction is made between the already and the not-yet in the salvation wrought by Christ.  For the prosperity Gospel and all who subscribe to it, Jesus has already won salvation and abundant life for us, and those of us who belong to God have a right to all the pleasures and riches of life here and now!  The poor are poor because they are cursed or robbed of their riches by all kinds of demons they have brought upon themselves or inherited from their parents!  How could this theological error have spread so quickly and so massively across the land and even into our own Churches, such that many of those who celebrate the Eucharist with us on Sunday live the rest of their week with a religious orientation that is clearly at variance with, if not in contradiction to the theology and spirituality of the Catholic Church?

Perhaps we are witnessing today within the Christian fold something equivalent to the problem that has afflicted dominant groups in Islam for many centuries.  The problem with Islam as identified by Pope Benedict XVI in that controversial Regensburg address of 2006 is what he called the de-hellenisation of Islam – a situation whereby the religion at a time in its evolution abandoned intellectualism or any recourse to rational or philosophical enquiry.  Perhaps what we are witnessing in what all Nigerian pop Christianity of today is a combination of afflictions namely: the de-hellenisation of Christianity, the de-spiritualisation of the Christian Gospel, and of course the fetishsation of Christian worship.

Unfortunately, due to poor theological education or catechesis, our people have not been sufficiently vaccinated against these deadly afflictions.  That is why many come for the Eucharist on Sunday, but the conduct to the rest of their week is largely inspired by the teachings and practices of Pastor T.B. Joshua of the Synagogue of All Nations, Pastor Chris Oyakhilome of Christ embassy or Pastor Daniel Olukoya of the Mountain of Fire and Miracle Ministries.  Many healer priests and merchants of deliverance within the Catholic Church in Nigeria have fashioned their ministries along the theological parameter set by these pastors, rather than the long-standing teaching and ritual practices of the Catholic Church.



– By Rev. Fr. George Ehusani


The Data of Forgiveness



The Universal Character of Salvation

The most important ingredient in today’s media economy is data. The amount of data available determines how much and how long we can work or play on the internet. Currently, many of the service providers offer unlimited data plans but we know that those “unlimited” plans are not always unlimited. Sometimes, your download speed can get slowed down when you cross a certain point. Today, however, Jesus gives us the divine model of an unlimited plan. It is the unlimited bundle of compassion and forgiveness which never gets slowed downed shut down for maintenance. The theme for this week is that we must learn to forgive without limits no matter the injury committed against us.

In Matthew’s Gospel, today’s teaching on unlimited forgiveness comes after Jesus had told his disciples the parable of the wandering sheep, so it is plausible that some would have wondered among themselves how many times a good shepherd should go after the same sheep if it keeps wandering away. In those days, people believed that forgiveness was limited to three times only – a fourth transgression was not to be forgiven. So, by asking Jesus how many times he should forgive his brother, Peter was probably aiming to increase the limit to seven times. And Jesus makes it clear that we are to forgive others, “not seven times but seventy-seven times” (Matt. 18:22).That means we must dispense an unlimited data bundle of mercy.

In Jesus Christ, we have the forgiveness of a debt we could never pay. Sin is an offence against God and a direct rebellion against his authority and creation. The debt of 10,000 talents mentioned in today’s parable symbolizes the magnitude of the offence that sin causes in God’s eyes, but he is always willing to forgive without limits. However, we can easily cut ourselves off from God’s river of mercy when we refuse to forgive others. We end up restraining God’s mercy and putting ourselves under strict justice. To unfold his mercy without compromising his justice, God leaves each person free to choose between the two. If we insist on strict justice when we are offended, we bring God’s strict justice upon ourselves. But if we offer an unlimited bundle of mercy to others, we draw God’s unlimited data of forgiveness upon ourselves.

The secret to forming a forgiving heart lies in recognizing the evil of our sin and the immensity of God’s goodness in forgiving us. Until we see the ugliness of our ingratitude and selfishness, we will never appreciate the generosity of God’s forgiveness. Let us examine ourselves now to see how much forgiveness we are giving. Is there someone we still cannot forgive even after they have expressed sorrow for their actions? Have we judged someone too harshly because of something they said or did that we did not particularly like? How many times have we failed to help somebody because we are still dwelling on an injury that we suffered many years ago? How many times have we treated someone differently based on preconceived notions or stereotypes? These are some of the factors that shackle us like chains and that disrupt the unlimited data of divine grace in our lives. When we close ourselves off to people or dismiss them based on our preconceptions, mistaken judgments, and prejudices, not only do we make them suffer, we suffer as well.

But it does not have to be that way. Jesus came to free us from and the burden of sin and unhappiness. Forgiveness is like mercury, which runs away when it is held tightly in the hand but is preserved by keeping the palm open. When we lose forgiveness, we lose the ability to give and to receive love because love is the foundation of forgiveness. And since God is the foundation of love, whoever refuses to forgive automatically rejects the love of God. This is the essence of today’s parable and it is highlighted by the contrast between what was owed by each man. The wicked slave owed his master some 10000 talents. In gold terms, that is 350 tons and at today’s price, he owed his master USD21.8 billion. This was way more than King Solomon made in a year which was 666 talents of gold or USD1.45 billion in today’s value (cf. I Kings 10:14). So, this unforgiving servant owed his master what no individual could never payback. In contrast, his fellow servant owed him the equivalent of one talent of gold or USD2.1 million; so a man who was forgiven $21.8b could not let go of $2.1m, and his wickedness landed him in the hands of torturers.

Dear friends, forgiveness is an act of compassion which is expressed in the free choice to pardon one another’s shortcomings every day, and to also pardon ourselves for own mistakes Forgiveness transcends the fear of being wounded again; it is a deliberate act in imitation of the redemptive work of Jesus, the advocacy of the Holy Spirit, and the loving kindness of the Father. The whole point of today’s parable is that our Father in heaven will do the same to anyone who refuses to forgive others. Whoever refuses to forgive is doomed to a life of bitterness, and as the ugly trend continues, the person ends up building invisible walls of resentment around themselves, thereby blocking off not just one’s relationships with other people but with God as well. Forgiveness is not just an emotional expression or a sense of righteousness; it means being merciful not only when there is an explanation or apology, or a promise of amendment from the offender, but even when the offence is deliberate, and the offender is adamant. Forgiveness is a precious gift of grace, which does not depend on the worthiness of the receiver. Forgiveness is what we called to do, and the Lord’s grace is sufficient for us in that regard. Amen.

Continue Reading


Imo Deputy Governor’s giant strides towards revitalizing agriculture



Imo Deputy Governor's giant strides towards revitalizing agriculture
By Joy Opara

The increasing cost of Agricultural products in Imo State in recent times has continued to be a major source of concern to the citizens of the state.

A critical appraisal of the development of Agriculture in this state reveals that successive governments had neglected this major sector of the economy, over three decades now, and this has adversely affected the revenue of government.

In line with the vision of the “shared prosperity” government of the Hope Uzodinma administration, the revolution of agriculture is among its cardinal programmes for which a high powered committee (on agricultural master plan for Imo State) has been set up.
For the purpose of resuscitating all moribund agricultural industries and facilities in the state, it is not surprising that this committee is headed by a world class Professor of Agriculture and Deputy Governor of Imo State, Prof. Placid Njoku.

The need to diversify the economy cannot be over-emphasized. It is a well known fact that there is no better and more sustainable means of diversifying the economy than through agriculture. It would be recalled that after the inauguration of his committee, the deputy governor went into action, first by visiting all moribund agricultural facilities in the state, which included Adapalm in Ohaji/ Egbema LGA, Avutu Poultry farm in Avutu, Obowo LGA, Songhai farms, Okigwe road, Owerri, ADP farms in Nekede, Owerri West. Others are Acharaubo farms in Emekuku, Owerri North, Imo Rubber Plantation in Obiti, Ohaji/ Egbema, amongst others.
Prof. Njoku in one of his speeches during the tour described agriculture as the economic base of most countries of the world. Considering the dwindling oil revenue, he said it should be a source of worry to people of good conscience that the vision of our founding fathers to generate revenue, food security, economic advancement, industrialization, employment and eradication of poverty was destroyed by successive governments.
The Deputy Governor, who not only is acknowledged as one of the greatest professors of Animal Science, a renowned Agriculturist and former Vice Chancellor of a leading University of Agriculture, the Federal University of Agriculture, Umudike, made it clear that the present government led by Governor Hope Uzodinma is desirous to return agriculture to its former glory.

The Ikeduru-born technocrat and farmer per-excellence said that the 3R Mantra of this administration namely: Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Recovery is a base for making the dream of Imo State as the food basket of the nation come true.

Noting that government is a continuum, the deputy governor promised that his committee will build upon what is already on ground by rehabilitating the ones that could be rehabilitated and bringing in new facilities where necessary to ensure that the passion of the governor towards agricultural revival is achieved.

Meanwhile, in most of the establishments visited by the committee, it was discovered that indigenes of the communities had badly encroached into the lands and converted them to personal use. Investigations by the committee revealed that agents of some past governments in the state connived with the communities to make it possible, for their personal aggrandizement.

The deputy governor, whose humility has become legendary pledged his total support to the Governor, Senator Hope Uzodinma whom he described as God sent to right all that were done wrong by the previous administrations in the state. He called on all to give this administration the needed support to rewrite the history of Imo State in gold, especially the agricultural sector.

Continue Reading


Child Abuse: A case of betrayal of reciprocal trust



Child Abuse: A case of betrayal of reciprocal trust
By Christian Uzoukwu

Some years ago, while as a kid, I fell out with my father due to an occasion of sheer disobedience and on that very day, I was given no food and was ultimately battered by hunger. Child abuse includes both acts of commission and omission on the part of parents, guardians as well as care-givers.

These acts have led to a lot of actual and threatened harm meted out on countless number of children. In 2014, the WHO made an estimate of 41,000 children (under the age of 15) that are victims of homicide and other related offences. This estimate, as expounded by this world body is grossly below the real figures due to the views of the society in relation to corporal punishment experienced by children. Girls are always most vulnerable to different forms of child abuse during unrests and in war-thorn territories.

Cases of child abuse can be established in some deadly human vices such as child trafficking, child labour, forced adoption as seen in the one-child policy prevalent in China. In the Asian country, women, by law are only allowed to have one child. Local governments would sometimes allow the woman to give birth and then they would take the baby away stating the mother violated the one child policy. Child traffickers, often paid by the government, would sell the children to orphanages that would arrange international adoptions worth tens of thousands of dollars, turning a profit for the government.

Other striking examples of child abuse are the various forms of violence against the girl-child which involves infanticide, sex-selective abortions, female genital mutilations (FGM), sexual initiation of virgins in some African cultures, breast ironing in some parts of Cameroon – involving the vicious use of hot stones and other tools to flatten the breast tissue of girls who have attained the age of puberty. As if those were not enough, female students are also subject to maltreatments in countries like Afghanistan and Pakistan. This is not to talk of recurring kidnapp of female students in some parts of Nigeria, as we saw in the case of Dapchi and Chibok schoolgirls.

Based on simple analysis, child abuse can be defined as “all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power”.

This definition by WHO also falls in line with the definition propounded by the United States Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, which says that child abuse are acts of commission. This commission includes “words or overt actions that cause harm, potential harm, or threat of harm to a child”, and acts of omission (neglect), meaning “the failure to provide for a child’s basic physical, emotional, or educational needs or to protect a child from harm or potential harm.

In Nigeria, most cases of child abuse have become cumbersome due to the fact that these acts of abuses are regarded as mere punishments to unruly young ones and by so doing, should be justified and doesn’t call for any further discussion and/or scrutiny. According to various statistical studies and researches, child abuse is a vast societal cankerworm and has four profound tentacles viz:

Physical Abuse: this involves undue hitting, beating, kicking, shaking, biting, burning, strangling, insertion of pepper into the eyes and pubic regions of children, maltreatments from house-help(s) and seniors at boarding/day schools, suffocating and forcing children to live in unwholesome conditions.

Sexual Abuse also includes persuading a minor into acts of sexual intercourse, exposure of the child’s private parts, production of child-related pornographic contents and actual sexual contacts with children.

Psychological Abuse of children can be seen in cases of excessive scolding, lack of proper attention that children should be receiving from their parents and guardians, destructive criticisms and destruction of a child’s personality.

Neglect of children can also lead to children dropping out of schools, begging/stealing for food and money, lack of proper medical care for minors and realities of children looking like ragamuffins.

Consequently, the causes of child abuse can be judiciously related to sex, age, personal history, societal norms, economic challenges, lack of Rights’ Protection Agencies, parents battling with traits of alcoholism and family size. These causative agents of child abuse can bring untold effects upon the society at large and these effects can be emotional, physical and psychological as the case may be, giving rise to individuals with dissociative lifestyles.

Furthermore, the treatment of individuals who have been malformed with respect to the abuses they experienced abinitio, can be a long process because it involves behavioral therapy and other forms of neoteric therapies. Treatments of psyche-related problems are not just a one-day process due to the long-lasting effects of abuses on various conscious mental activities. It is also noteworthy to point out that, prevention is always better than cure and holding fast to this true reality, entails that agencies who have the responsibility of protecting the rights of children must continue to do the needful which requires proper oversights of parent-child relationships.

To conclude this piece therefore, we must agree that untold hardships have been a great challenge for children especially in Africa and some parts of Asia. Children with long histories of abuses turn out to become societal misfits. To this end we encourage that: Children should be given a free platform to express themselves on many topical issues and issues relating to their existence.

Children should also be allowed to freely ask questions on any issue, no matter, how weird it seems to be.

Governments should make regulations outlawing societal norms and values that might amount to child abuses.

Corporal punishments by parents, guardians and care-givers should be discouraged at all levels, thereby making parents/guardians/care-givers who seem to be incorrigible, to face the full weight of justice enshrined in the law of the land.

Education system (both conventional and unconventional) in Nigeria should be able to train up young ones into becoming critical, analytical and evaluative individuals with a view of defending the vulnerable.

And again, since children are said to be leaders of tomorrow, it is pertinent to note that to secure their future, their present existence must be cherished and protected.

Christian Chimemerem Uzoukwu
08100029867 / 09025760804
Admin Critical Thinkers’ Forum.

Continue Reading