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The Integrity of the Bar and Bench: A necessity for the Economic Development of Nigeria



The Legitimacy of Children Born out of wedlock

A review of the Paper delivered by Arthur Obi Okafor SAN

The integrity of the Bar and bench as a Necessity for the Nigerian Nation Building is thematic of the Nigerian Bar Association , Orlu Branch law week 2018 which took place from 6-8 June 2018. A broad spectrum of legal minds rose to the podium. What became apparent was the phenomenon of the expansive Horizon- No matter where you stand; you have a point of view.

In attendance were my lords, The Chief Judge of Imo State, His Lordship, Hon Justice Paschal Nnadi, Hon Justice, T E Chukwuemeka- Chikeka, Hon Justice KA Ojiako, Hon Justice, Anonihu, Hon Justice Paul Nnodum, Hon Justice Ononeze-Madu, and Hon Justice L C Azuamah, Jurist at the Bench and the administrative Judge, Orlu Judicial Division.
Also in attendance were , the Hon Attorney General and commissioner for Justice Imo State, Miletus Nlemadum and his predecessors, Hon. Soronnadi Njoku, and Livy Uzoukwu.
Also in attendance was the third Vice president of the NBA, Ben Orji and a very distinguished SAN , Arthur Obi Okafor, who is likely to popularly, emerge as the next National President of the NBA from the Eastern Bar. The importance of such a position to the South east cannot be overemphasized.
The Forum was organized by the NBA Orlu Branch , whose Chairman , Chuzzy Attama, an Indigene of Enugu State has projected the Branch as one of the most proactive and fore Bars in Nigeria, with Vin Onyeka Esq , an ebullient Son of Orlu, as the chairman of the planning committee, the indefatigable and humble , I G Igboanusi, as alternate chairman, with OND Okafor as Secretary.
The Guest Lecturers were Livy Uzokwu, Joyce Oduah, Prof Chidi Odinkalu, and Arthur Obi Okafor SAN . The Panel of discussants were Hon. Soronnadi Njoku,OC Aladum, Prof UU Chukwumaeze, Paschal Nwosu Esq and his worship EN Eke.
I sympathized with his worship, EN Eke who had the luck of tackling Prof Chidi Odinkalu , lecture which sounded more like a treatise on psycho analysis and Freudian literature in his comparative analysis of the Nigerian legal system. If I were the one to discuss the issues raised by his lecture I would have bolted out of the Venue before I would be called to discussion. Somehow he found a way out of it.
Even at that, the lecture of Arthur Obi Okafor presented, little challenges because of his simplicity in content and delivery, but yet, out to say so much in so little time , I was tongue tied and agitated in my delivery.
Now I must write about it.
I had sufficient time to reflect and laugh at myself afterwards, but gained an insight that it is remarkably easier to deliver a lecture than to discuss it with diplomacy. Nothing sounded strange to me in the entire lectures but the cold delivery of facets of knowledge by Professor Odinkalu with his latitudinal flexibility that expanded his term paper to include everything on the sociology of law and rightly so.
Arthur Obi Okafor is a very versatile and proactive member of the Eastern Bar. His achievements speak volumes of his capacity building and inter personal skills.
In his paper as above titled he rightly began by admitting that Nigeria is a country with a ‘myriad of problems’ which has baffled successive administrations.
He opined that the Bar and the Bench though not ordinarily players in the economy, have inestimable roles to play in the economy of the country.
In his definition of integrity, he was of the view, that a lawyer is said to have integrity if he discharges his duties as a lawyer in strict compliance with the ethics of the legal profession. On the other hand a judge is said to possess integrity if he carries out his judicial functions in accordance with the oath of office.
He was of the opinion that fidelity and honesty are the essential TOOLS necessary for the Bar and the Bench to function in synergy to provide the leadership in the drive for the economic development of Nigeria.
The learned SAN enumerated the various legislations that have been put in place such as the Companies and Allied matters law, and section 17 of the National investment promotion commission Act aimed at attracting foreign investors to the clime.
The intervention of the Bench unlike the Bar which is to ensure compliance is reinforced by the Bench which is to adjudicate on issues of disputes. Here it becomes apparent that only a bench with requisite integrity would adjudicate in fairness.
In his conclusion, the learned SAN stated that in a struggling economy like ours, there is the need to attract foreign investors by building a robust legal system which is just and fair in resolving disputes.
Like I said I was tongue tied but managed to put across my points which includes my view that it is untrue that the Bar and bench in Nigeria lacked integrity, but rather there is the necessity to strengthen it ; lawyers being by their selves, vehicles of social engineering should be committed in that regard .
Indeed what I failed to mention (being tongue tied) is the fact that there is need for the integration of the rule of law and due process in governance in other to ensure confidence in the Bar and bench.
The procurement Act 2007 is one of such steps articulated by lawyers which has contributed immensely to the development of our Economy.
In my view, lawyers should not be blamed for the deeds or misdeeds of lawyers who are political Appointees. Power or electricity is very important in driving the economy. That Area is overseen by Fashola who is a lawyer. The Bar should not be blamed for his failures or be seen to lack integrity because of breached promises or the failures of the administration under which he served.
I pointed out what integrity meant to the Icon of the law, Chief Gani fawehinmi:
When the Icon Interviewed me as an Applicant for the position of an Assistant Editor of his Law Publishing Arm, he simply, queried , being assured I was competent: ‘Are you God Fearing?’
Chief Gani fawhinmi has the right formulation for integrity at the Bar and Bench as based on the fear of God.
A lawyer or Judge who has the fear of God is less likely to pervert the cause of justice, or take bribes, and or be biased against a party because of private interests or greed. If lawyers be they ordinary members of the Bar or as Judges are God fearing, the integrity of our legal systems would be beyond query.
Indeed the Muslim Umar, are guided by the Koranic precepts of Al Gada, of the appointment of Judges and the criterion for such appointments amongst the faithful. There is a corollary in the Biblical precepts of Deuteronomy 16-18 on the qualifications of Judges and their role, as Livy Uzoukwu SAN remarked.
Thus the Bible and the Koran appear in agreement on the criterion for appointing Judges. One of such qualification is the fear of God without which there can never be social Justice. In the Koran, Jesus Christ is held as the Judge of light.
In passing let me point out, that Arthur Obi Okafor is one of such Lawyers with robust Integrity who has promoted the well being of lawyers in the country and is in the fore front of moves to eradicate poverty at the bar especially amongst young lawyers, as a means of sustaining integrity.
He is currently standing for election as the next president of the NBA with two or so other candidates from the Eastern bar to which it has been zoned; made up of the south south and the south East.
Obi okafor has a practical understanding of the problems of the judiciary and knows the best ways to resolve them through policy designs and implementations. Like he opined in his conclusion in the paper delivered at the Orlu Bar Week:
“We have also seen that there is a link between integrity of the Bar and Bench and economic development because a Bar and Bench that cannot be trusted by investors and players in the economy will not encourage foreign participation in the economy.”
While I agree that the Pursuit of total integrity of the Bar and the Bench would appear illusory like the quest for the Holy grail, but nonetheless, it is obligatory by our common assent to ensure that such positions of Power and Policy designs like the Office of the NBA president are occupied by God fearing men of requisite integrity, like Arthur Obi Okafor, more so, in the face of belligerent opposition, that has no interest of the South East at Heart.




The Data of Forgiveness



The Universal Character of Salvation

The most important ingredient in today’s media economy is data. The amount of data available determines how much and how long we can work or play on the internet. Currently, many of the service providers offer unlimited data plans but we know that those “unlimited” plans are not always unlimited. Sometimes, your download speed can get slowed down when you cross a certain point. Today, however, Jesus gives us the divine model of an unlimited plan. It is the unlimited bundle of compassion and forgiveness which never gets slowed downed shut down for maintenance. The theme for this week is that we must learn to forgive without limits no matter the injury committed against us.

In Matthew’s Gospel, today’s teaching on unlimited forgiveness comes after Jesus had told his disciples the parable of the wandering sheep, so it is plausible that some would have wondered among themselves how many times a good shepherd should go after the same sheep if it keeps wandering away. In those days, people believed that forgiveness was limited to three times only – a fourth transgression was not to be forgiven. So, by asking Jesus how many times he should forgive his brother, Peter was probably aiming to increase the limit to seven times. And Jesus makes it clear that we are to forgive others, “not seven times but seventy-seven times” (Matt. 18:22).That means we must dispense an unlimited data bundle of mercy.

In Jesus Christ, we have the forgiveness of a debt we could never pay. Sin is an offence against God and a direct rebellion against his authority and creation. The debt of 10,000 talents mentioned in today’s parable symbolizes the magnitude of the offence that sin causes in God’s eyes, but he is always willing to forgive without limits. However, we can easily cut ourselves off from God’s river of mercy when we refuse to forgive others. We end up restraining God’s mercy and putting ourselves under strict justice. To unfold his mercy without compromising his justice, God leaves each person free to choose between the two. If we insist on strict justice when we are offended, we bring God’s strict justice upon ourselves. But if we offer an unlimited bundle of mercy to others, we draw God’s unlimited data of forgiveness upon ourselves.

The secret to forming a forgiving heart lies in recognizing the evil of our sin and the immensity of God’s goodness in forgiving us. Until we see the ugliness of our ingratitude and selfishness, we will never appreciate the generosity of God’s forgiveness. Let us examine ourselves now to see how much forgiveness we are giving. Is there someone we still cannot forgive even after they have expressed sorrow for their actions? Have we judged someone too harshly because of something they said or did that we did not particularly like? How many times have we failed to help somebody because we are still dwelling on an injury that we suffered many years ago? How many times have we treated someone differently based on preconceived notions or stereotypes? These are some of the factors that shackle us like chains and that disrupt the unlimited data of divine grace in our lives. When we close ourselves off to people or dismiss them based on our preconceptions, mistaken judgments, and prejudices, not only do we make them suffer, we suffer as well.

But it does not have to be that way. Jesus came to free us from and the burden of sin and unhappiness. Forgiveness is like mercury, which runs away when it is held tightly in the hand but is preserved by keeping the palm open. When we lose forgiveness, we lose the ability to give and to receive love because love is the foundation of forgiveness. And since God is the foundation of love, whoever refuses to forgive automatically rejects the love of God. This is the essence of today’s parable and it is highlighted by the contrast between what was owed by each man. The wicked slave owed his master some 10000 talents. In gold terms, that is 350 tons and at today’s price, he owed his master USD21.8 billion. This was way more than King Solomon made in a year which was 666 talents of gold or USD1.45 billion in today’s value (cf. I Kings 10:14). So, this unforgiving servant owed his master what no individual could never payback. In contrast, his fellow servant owed him the equivalent of one talent of gold or USD2.1 million; so a man who was forgiven $21.8b could not let go of $2.1m, and his wickedness landed him in the hands of torturers.

Dear friends, forgiveness is an act of compassion which is expressed in the free choice to pardon one another’s shortcomings every day, and to also pardon ourselves for own mistakes Forgiveness transcends the fear of being wounded again; it is a deliberate act in imitation of the redemptive work of Jesus, the advocacy of the Holy Spirit, and the loving kindness of the Father. The whole point of today’s parable is that our Father in heaven will do the same to anyone who refuses to forgive others. Whoever refuses to forgive is doomed to a life of bitterness, and as the ugly trend continues, the person ends up building invisible walls of resentment around themselves, thereby blocking off not just one’s relationships with other people but with God as well. Forgiveness is not just an emotional expression or a sense of righteousness; it means being merciful not only when there is an explanation or apology, or a promise of amendment from the offender, but even when the offence is deliberate, and the offender is adamant. Forgiveness is a precious gift of grace, which does not depend on the worthiness of the receiver. Forgiveness is what we called to do, and the Lord’s grace is sufficient for us in that regard. Amen.

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Imo Deputy Governor’s giant strides towards revitalizing agriculture



Imo Deputy Governor's giant strides towards revitalizing agriculture
By Joy Opara

The increasing cost of Agricultural products in Imo State in recent times has continued to be a major source of concern to the citizens of the state.

A critical appraisal of the development of Agriculture in this state reveals that successive governments had neglected this major sector of the economy, over three decades now, and this has adversely affected the revenue of government.

In line with the vision of the “shared prosperity” government of the Hope Uzodinma administration, the revolution of agriculture is among its cardinal programmes for which a high powered committee (on agricultural master plan for Imo State) has been set up.
For the purpose of resuscitating all moribund agricultural industries and facilities in the state, it is not surprising that this committee is headed by a world class Professor of Agriculture and Deputy Governor of Imo State, Prof. Placid Njoku.

The need to diversify the economy cannot be over-emphasized. It is a well known fact that there is no better and more sustainable means of diversifying the economy than through agriculture. It would be recalled that after the inauguration of his committee, the deputy governor went into action, first by visiting all moribund agricultural facilities in the state, which included Adapalm in Ohaji/ Egbema LGA, Avutu Poultry farm in Avutu, Obowo LGA, Songhai farms, Okigwe road, Owerri, ADP farms in Nekede, Owerri West. Others are Acharaubo farms in Emekuku, Owerri North, Imo Rubber Plantation in Obiti, Ohaji/ Egbema, amongst others.
Prof. Njoku in one of his speeches during the tour described agriculture as the economic base of most countries of the world. Considering the dwindling oil revenue, he said it should be a source of worry to people of good conscience that the vision of our founding fathers to generate revenue, food security, economic advancement, industrialization, employment and eradication of poverty was destroyed by successive governments.
The Deputy Governor, who not only is acknowledged as one of the greatest professors of Animal Science, a renowned Agriculturist and former Vice Chancellor of a leading University of Agriculture, the Federal University of Agriculture, Umudike, made it clear that the present government led by Governor Hope Uzodinma is desirous to return agriculture to its former glory.

The Ikeduru-born technocrat and farmer per-excellence said that the 3R Mantra of this administration namely: Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Recovery is a base for making the dream of Imo State as the food basket of the nation come true.

Noting that government is a continuum, the deputy governor promised that his committee will build upon what is already on ground by rehabilitating the ones that could be rehabilitated and bringing in new facilities where necessary to ensure that the passion of the governor towards agricultural revival is achieved.

Meanwhile, in most of the establishments visited by the committee, it was discovered that indigenes of the communities had badly encroached into the lands and converted them to personal use. Investigations by the committee revealed that agents of some past governments in the state connived with the communities to make it possible, for their personal aggrandizement.

The deputy governor, whose humility has become legendary pledged his total support to the Governor, Senator Hope Uzodinma whom he described as God sent to right all that were done wrong by the previous administrations in the state. He called on all to give this administration the needed support to rewrite the history of Imo State in gold, especially the agricultural sector.

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Child Abuse: A case of betrayal of reciprocal trust



Child Abuse: A case of betrayal of reciprocal trust
By Christian Uzoukwu

Some years ago, while as a kid, I fell out with my father due to an occasion of sheer disobedience and on that very day, I was given no food and was ultimately battered by hunger. Child abuse includes both acts of commission and omission on the part of parents, guardians as well as care-givers.

These acts have led to a lot of actual and threatened harm meted out on countless number of children. In 2014, the WHO made an estimate of 41,000 children (under the age of 15) that are victims of homicide and other related offences. This estimate, as expounded by this world body is grossly below the real figures due to the views of the society in relation to corporal punishment experienced by children. Girls are always most vulnerable to different forms of child abuse during unrests and in war-thorn territories.

Cases of child abuse can be established in some deadly human vices such as child trafficking, child labour, forced adoption as seen in the one-child policy prevalent in China. In the Asian country, women, by law are only allowed to have one child. Local governments would sometimes allow the woman to give birth and then they would take the baby away stating the mother violated the one child policy. Child traffickers, often paid by the government, would sell the children to orphanages that would arrange international adoptions worth tens of thousands of dollars, turning a profit for the government.

Other striking examples of child abuse are the various forms of violence against the girl-child which involves infanticide, sex-selective abortions, female genital mutilations (FGM), sexual initiation of virgins in some African cultures, breast ironing in some parts of Cameroon – involving the vicious use of hot stones and other tools to flatten the breast tissue of girls who have attained the age of puberty. As if those were not enough, female students are also subject to maltreatments in countries like Afghanistan and Pakistan. This is not to talk of recurring kidnapp of female students in some parts of Nigeria, as we saw in the case of Dapchi and Chibok schoolgirls.

Based on simple analysis, child abuse can be defined as “all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power”.

This definition by WHO also falls in line with the definition propounded by the United States Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, which says that child abuse are acts of commission. This commission includes “words or overt actions that cause harm, potential harm, or threat of harm to a child”, and acts of omission (neglect), meaning “the failure to provide for a child’s basic physical, emotional, or educational needs or to protect a child from harm or potential harm.

In Nigeria, most cases of child abuse have become cumbersome due to the fact that these acts of abuses are regarded as mere punishments to unruly young ones and by so doing, should be justified and doesn’t call for any further discussion and/or scrutiny. According to various statistical studies and researches, child abuse is a vast societal cankerworm and has four profound tentacles viz:

Physical Abuse: this involves undue hitting, beating, kicking, shaking, biting, burning, strangling, insertion of pepper into the eyes and pubic regions of children, maltreatments from house-help(s) and seniors at boarding/day schools, suffocating and forcing children to live in unwholesome conditions.

Sexual Abuse also includes persuading a minor into acts of sexual intercourse, exposure of the child’s private parts, production of child-related pornographic contents and actual sexual contacts with children.

Psychological Abuse of children can be seen in cases of excessive scolding, lack of proper attention that children should be receiving from their parents and guardians, destructive criticisms and destruction of a child’s personality.

Neglect of children can also lead to children dropping out of schools, begging/stealing for food and money, lack of proper medical care for minors and realities of children looking like ragamuffins.

Consequently, the causes of child abuse can be judiciously related to sex, age, personal history, societal norms, economic challenges, lack of Rights’ Protection Agencies, parents battling with traits of alcoholism and family size. These causative agents of child abuse can bring untold effects upon the society at large and these effects can be emotional, physical and psychological as the case may be, giving rise to individuals with dissociative lifestyles.

Furthermore, the treatment of individuals who have been malformed with respect to the abuses they experienced abinitio, can be a long process because it involves behavioral therapy and other forms of neoteric therapies. Treatments of psyche-related problems are not just a one-day process due to the long-lasting effects of abuses on various conscious mental activities. It is also noteworthy to point out that, prevention is always better than cure and holding fast to this true reality, entails that agencies who have the responsibility of protecting the rights of children must continue to do the needful which requires proper oversights of parent-child relationships.

To conclude this piece therefore, we must agree that untold hardships have been a great challenge for children especially in Africa and some parts of Asia. Children with long histories of abuses turn out to become societal misfits. To this end we encourage that: Children should be given a free platform to express themselves on many topical issues and issues relating to their existence.

Children should also be allowed to freely ask questions on any issue, no matter, how weird it seems to be.

Governments should make regulations outlawing societal norms and values that might amount to child abuses.

Corporal punishments by parents, guardians and care-givers should be discouraged at all levels, thereby making parents/guardians/care-givers who seem to be incorrigible, to face the full weight of justice enshrined in the law of the land.

Education system (both conventional and unconventional) in Nigeria should be able to train up young ones into becoming critical, analytical and evaluative individuals with a view of defending the vulnerable.

And again, since children are said to be leaders of tomorrow, it is pertinent to note that to secure their future, their present existence must be cherished and protected.

Christian Chimemerem Uzoukwu
08100029867 / 09025760804
Admin Critical Thinkers’ Forum.

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